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Tips to enhance accessibility of w3c standards compliant xhtml coded site


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#1 weblink

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Posted 25 October 2010 - 01:31 AM

Just imagine a clean and SEO semantic pixel perfect XHTML coded site highly compliant with W3C standards. But, how to get such a web portal.Below, a set of some useful ways highlighted and discussed in brief through which one can improve functionality and accessibility of his W3C standards-compliant website coded with strong XHTML:

XHTML Namespace And Default Language
It is quite important that the XHTML namespace as well as default language must included in element of the web page of XHTML websites. In fact, setting default namespace and language is the necessity by W3C standards.

Content For Images
In a web portal, a professional should always accompany an image with textual alt tag which helps online visitors to understand what a picture stands for in case an image is not displayed.

Meta Tags
The http-equiv meta tags in the element on web page most commonly used with the proper DOCTYPE which ultimately helps out the browser in displaying particular web page correctly and efficiently. In fact, http-equiv meta tags, language meta tag, description and keywords meta tags are mainly strive to complete accessibility of a web portal along with W3C standards validation.

Accessible Navigation
From past few years, the benefits of usage of an accessible navigation system had been noticed in majority of websites. In fact, implementation of an accessible navigation system most commonly acts as a helping hand for online visitors to find out accurately information quickly.

Right DOCTYPE
The correct Document Type (DOCTYPE) declaration aimed to proper consistency and accessibility. In fact, a DOCTYPE mainly prevents rendering of web page from slow down. XHTML 1.1, XHTML 1.0 Strict, XHTML 1.0 Transitional and XHTML 1.0 Frameset are best option for clean coding of a website.

With the help of above mentioned useful techniques, a person can easily make his XHTML web portal highly accessible by using different W3C standards such as W3C Markup validation service, W3C CSS validation and so on. Simply, use all the above discussed techniques and get a highly functional, cross browser compatible, clean and W3C standards validated website.



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#2 Ben

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Posted 25 October 2010 - 02:38 AM

So... you just copied/pasted from an online article?

htt p://ezinea rticles.com/?Useful-Techniques-to-Enhance-Accessibility-of-W3C-Standards-Compliant-XHTML-Coded-Site&id=5130638
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#3 Andrea

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Posted 25 October 2010 - 05:06 AM

So... you just copied/pasted from an online article?

It's hard work to achieve that coveted 'active-footer-link' status.
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#4 Andrea

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Posted 25 October 2010 - 07:25 AM

And, btw, there's nothing wrong with copying and pasting articles if they are relevant - but UNLESS the copier/paster is also the ORIGINAL AUTHOR of said article, the paster must provide the author and source information, or it's just plagiarism.
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#5 Eddie

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Posted 25 October 2010 - 08:38 AM

I concur. Nothing wrong with posting articles/contents from another person(s) so long as the poster provides the source. Otherwise, the only thing the poster will gain from it is a bad image.

Edited by newseed, 25 October 2010 - 08:38 AM.

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#6 weblink

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Posted 27 October 2010 - 05:38 AM

hello administrators,

well i just want to share it, i don't have any intention of sharing it on my name, yeah i accept that i didn't mention the original authors name, i will take care of it.
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#7 LSW

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Posted 27 October 2010 - 02:48 PM

Ohhh I get tired of such "articles," they are usually so off it is not funny. (By the way we have a whole accessibility section covering all of this.)

Just imagine a clean and SEO semantic pixel perfect XHTML coded site highly compliant with W3C standards. But, how to get such a web portal.Below, a set of some useful ways highlighted and discussed in brief through which one can improve functionality and accessibility of his W3C standards-compliant website coded with strong XHTML:


Just imagine accessibility being created for SEO and not for those users who actually need it to use web sites. And why push XHTML when IE does not even support it? Clearly the author has no idea of the difference of XHTML.


XHTML Namespace And Default Language
It is quite important that the XHTML namespace as well as default language must included in element of the web page of XHTML websites. In fact, setting default namespace and language is the necessity by W3C standards.


It is more important to use the right MIME-TYPE, if you do not specify it as XHTML, then you are just serving up poorly written HTML. If you do specify it correctly as a XML language, IE will crash. So if you are serving XHTML as HTML then it is logical to write HTML. XHTML is useless until IE supports it correctly.

Content For Images
In a web portal, a professional should always accompany an image with textual alt tag which helps online visitors to understand what a picture stands for in case an image is not displayed.


First off it is not an "Alt Tag", a tag is between < >, the alt is between " " and therefore part of a tag making it an attribute. One can question reading an article where the author does not seem to know the difference. But maybe it was a typo. The alt attribute is required to be there yes, but it is not required to be filled out. If the image has actual important meaning, you fill out the text to explain it or to describe it to users without images, such as blind users. It is also useful for spyders, but it does not exist for SEO. If it is just decorative fluff or of no real importance to the content, you leave it empty so users know there is an image they are missing but it is of no importance.

Meta Tags
The http-equiv meta tags in the element on web page most commonly used with the proper DOCTYPE which ultimately helps out the browser in displaying particular web page correctly and efficiently. In fact, http-equiv meta tags, language meta tag, description and keywords meta tags are mainly strive to complete accessibility of a web portal along with W3C standards validation.

Simply wrong. Meta tags have little to do with accessibility, only SEO and finding the page. You can make web sites with no meta tags at all. Language HELPS to specify a language so you can rule out the site if you do not speak the language. A screen reader will already be set for a primary language and that is the sites it will likely visit. The language meta tag can help it possible switch to a different language, or you can use the language attribute to tell it the following text is a different language. Useful for quotes or maybe company names in a different language for instance. Description tags are generally only used by search engines as a description of the site content, however most search engines these days use the first part of the content for that. Meta tags have not been used by search engines for years as they were misused by those sites of questionable morals to lure people in.

Accessible Navigation
From past few years, the benefits of usage of an accessible navigation system had been noticed in majority of websites. In fact, implementation of an accessible navigation system most commonly acts as a helping hand for online visitors to find out accurately information quickly.


Something I can actually agree with. Just a but vague. Clear and logical navigation benefits all users, it benefits you as it is a benefit to the search spyder to quickly find the info a searcher would want. It however is a must for those with disabilities, especially cognitive disabilities like autism, ADHD or general concentration issues as well as using keyboards rather than a mouse.

Right DOCTYPE
The correct Document Type (DOCTYPE) declaration aimed to proper consistency and accessibility. In fact, a DOCTYPE mainly prevents rendering of web page from slow down. XHTML 1.1, XHTML 1.0 Strict, XHTML 1.0 Transitional and XHTML 1.0 Frameset are best option for clean coding of a website.

Once more shall we. There is only one "correct" DOCTYPE, Strict. Frames are out and Transitional is just that, transitional, meaning not permanent. It was meant as a temporary fix to help people move from one language to another, aka HTML 4.0 to HTML 4.1. It is not a requirement, just a good idea. It only makes a real difference to the validate program. The info in the doctype is already with the server along with the mimeType when you request it, before the web page loads. The only reason to have it in the header is to let a browser know what it is when it has been downloaded to a HD and has no contact with the server. The Doctype in an online page is of no use to the user or SEO, or accessibility.

With the help of above mentioned useful techniques, a person can easily make his XHTML web portal highly accessible by using different W3C standards such as W3C Markup validation service, W3C CSS validation and so on. Simply, use all the above discussed techniques and get a highly functional, cross browser compatible, clean and W3C standards validated website.

With the help of above mentioned questionable techniques, a person can easily tell that the author really has no bloody idea what he/she is on about, but hey, they have article with their name on it, whoopee.


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